False Information

The Dark Side of Information: The Greatest Threats from False Information

The World Economic Forum's 2024 Global Risk Report ranks India highest in the risk of disinformation and misinformation. Experts surveyed identified India as particularly vulnerable to false information, a significant issue during elections and the COVID-19 pandemic. A few details are being showcased here for awareness and the betterment of the situation.

The Risk of Disinformation and Misinformation

Disinformation refers to false or misleading information deliberately spread to deceive or manipulate people. Misinformation refers to false or inaccurate information that is unintentionally spread. The risk of disinformation and misinformation is a global concern, meaning it is a problem that is being observed and worried about worldwide.

A digital news consumption survey conducted in India in March 2023 further highlighted the prevalence of the issue, with over 60 per cent of respondents claiming that they had encountered fake news online. This widespread exposure to false information underscores the urgent need to address the dissemination of misinformation and disinformation in the country.

India's High Risk of Disinformation and Misinformation

India has been identified as a country with a particularly high threat of disinformation and misinformation. The World Economic Forum's 2024 Global Risk Report ranked India highest in terms of this risk. The ranking is based on a survey of experts who assessed various risks, including economic, environmental, geopolitical, societal, and technological risks. The experts who participated in the survey determined that India faces a greater risk of disinformation and misinformation compared to other countries.

Prevalence of False Information in India (Election 2019 and COVID-19)

India has been facing a significant issue with the prevalence of false information. Instances of fake news propagation and the spread of misinformation have been observed during important events such as elections and the COVID-19 pandemic. Fake news refers to fabricated or misleading information presented as factual news. 

In 2019, India's general election was marred by the widespread dissemination of fake news, with various political parties using social media platforms to spread misleading information. The weaponisation of platforms like WhatsApp and Facebook led to heightened fears that online content was fueling real-world violence. The spread of false information during elections can influence voters' decisions and undermine the democratic process.

More recently, during the COVID-19 pandemic, misinformation again became a significant issue in India, with false information being spread via WhatsApp, contributing to public confusion and potentially impacting public health efforts. During the COVID-19 pandemic, misinformation led to confusion and panic, and it even harmed people when they followed incorrect advice or disregarded important health guidelines. 


In summary, the risk of disinformation and misinformation is a growing concern globally, with India being identified as a country where this threat is particularly high. The ranking of India's risks is based on a survey of experts who assessed various risks. 

The impact of misinformation and disinformation extends beyond the digital realm, with real-world consequences for public health, social cohesion, and democratic processes. The prevalence of false information poses a significant challenge for India, requiring a multifaceted approach that involves the government, technology platforms, media organisations, and civil society to address the root causes and mitigate the spread of misleading content.

As India continues to grapple with the pervasive threat of disinformation and misinformation, it is essential to prioritise efforts to promote media literacy, enhance fact-checking mechanisms, and hold accountable those who engage in the deliberate spread of false information. By addressing these challenges, India can work towards fostering a more informed and resilient society where the public is equipped to evaluate the information they encounter and make well-informed decisions critically.

Since elections are approaching in India in April-May 2024, it is a good time to know that this issue exists and is to be considered serious. As a multicultural society, India should embrace diversity, and democracy should not be hanging on a thread.

Let us create a society where 'truth' prevails, and we humans win!

Usha Menon

With over 25 years of experience as an architect, urban designer, and green building consultant, Usha has been designing sustainable, and visionary spaces. She has published a book, has been actively blogging, and is on social media. Now, her journey is transitioning to full-time writing. Her words will continue to craft stories, not brick and mortar, but in the realm of ideas, fostering a better, more inspired world.

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